African coastal city states
Long before the first Europeans arrived in the area a loose confederation of coastal city states had developed along the East African coast which formed the basis of the unique Swahili culture of coastal East Africa. Three of these ancient city states are now designated as world heritage sites. All three are located on islands off the coast, where they were established around natural sheltered harbours. TheyEarly Peoples of the East African Coast, 1st8th Centuries; East Africans in the Indian Ocean World; The Rise and Fall of the Swahili Towns. Mogadishu, Kilwa, and the Gold Trade, 9th15th Centuries; The Earliest Towns, 8th9th Centuries; Expansion of Trade and Islam, 11th15th Centuries; Madagascar and the Comoros Islands african coastal city states
Sep 18, 2014 The Portuguese at the East African coast 1500 1700 A. D The Portuguese were the first Europeans to have contacts with the people of the East African Coast. They were adventurous and in search for the sea route to India.